United Nations has called on
businesses, governments, and
civil society to achieve Sustainable
Energy for All by 2030
New Energy Access Reports – December 2015
World Energy Outlook 2015, International Energy Agency
The World Energy Outlook 2015 (WEO-2015) presents updated projections for the evolution of the global energy system to 2040, based on the latest data and market developments, as well as detailed insights on the prospects for fossil fuels, renewables, the power sector and energy efficiency and analysis on trends in CO2 emissions and fossil-fuel and renewable energy subsidies. According to this report, renewables are set to become the leading source of new energy supply from now to 2040. The deployment of renewables will grow worldwide, particularly in the power sector where they will surpass coal as the largest source of electricity generation by the early 2030s. Renewables-based generation will reach 50% in the EU by 2040, around 30% in China and Japan, and above 25% in the United States and India.
Climatescope 2015, Bloomberg New Energy Finance
Climatescope, the clean energy country competitiveness index, interactive report, and online tool supported by Power Africa, the UK Department for International Development (DFID), and the Inter-American Development Bank, was launched by Bloomberg New Energy Finance on November 23. It offers a compelling portrait of clean energy activity in 55 emerging markets across Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean. This year’s Climatescope index also highlights significant clean energy activity across sub-Saharan Africa. The 19 African countries covered by Climatescope have attracted over $25 billion for renewable energy projects to date, excluding large hydro. Overall renewable energy capacity in these countries doubled in 2014, to over 4 gigawatts.
According to the report, women in the region continue to be outside the decision making sphere and their human rights are often comprised when addressing energy access issues. The study also revealed that although women will be disproportionately more affected by climate change, they possess relatively limited influence on key decisions related to climate change mitigation and adaptation. The report laid the groundwork for the development of the infamous ECOWAS Policy for Gender Mainstreaming in Energy Access, providing insights on how ECOWAS Member States could adopt gender-responsive development strategies to achieve the objectives of the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
IRENA’s new report finds that achieving a 36 per cent share of renewable energy by 2030 would result in half of all emission reductions needed to limit global temperature rise to two degrees Celsius. Energy efficiency measures could supply the rest. The report outlines five actions for a sustainable energy future including: strengthening policy commitments, mobilizing investments, building institutional capacity, linking renewables to Sustainable Development Goals and enhancing regional engagement.
REN21 UNECE Renewable Energy Status Report, UNECE, REN21
The report provides a comprehensive overview of the status of renewable energy and energy efficiency markets, industry, policy and regulatory frameworks, and investment activities. The report draws on information from national and regional sources to present the most up-to-date summary of sustainable energy in: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. The report highlights that although rural electrification is not a central issue for the countries, distributed renewable energy solutions such as solar PV, small-scale wind, biomass and micro-hydro can be a practical way forward to provide electricity people leaving in remote areas or in areas suffering frequent power outages or unstable power.
Quality Infrastructure report series, IRENA
The most up-to-date information on how to develop and implement quality control for renewable energy technologies is now available. A new series of reports released today by IRENA gives detailed information on how to develop quality infrastructure for small wind turbines and solar water heaters and provides guidelines for policy makers. The report series provides detailed guidelines for two industry sectors – solar thermal energy for the building sector and wind power for rural and remote areas. The reports contain the most comprehensive, up-to-date information and are based on interviews with experts in renewable energy technologies, standards and testing. Read the Quality Infrastructure report series:
Energy Access and Urban Poverty: Energy and everyday life in an informal settlement in Maputo, Mozambique, Vanesa Castán Broto, Diana Salazar (UCL) and Lucy Stevens (Practical Action)
This latest edition in Practical Action’s Poor People’s Energy Briefing series looks at the extent to which poor urban populations are over-looked in debates about energy access. Despite their greater geographical proximity to grid electricity and other supplies of clean energy, their access is often poor. This paper explores how the poor access energy in Maputo, and the barriers and opportunities for improving that access. It applies Practical Action’s Total Energy Access thinking, as well as using an ‘energy landscapes’ approach to inform participatory methodologies.
India is a country where 300 million people still live without access to formal electricity, and where hundreds of millions more live with irregular supply through the existing grid network. This paper examines business innovation in the diffusion of off-grid solar technologies in India. An in-country survey of off-grid solar energy providers from across the nation was conducted and coupled with extensive field interviews. Findings reveal that most off-grid solar energy enterprises are not operating in the government subsidy market and that more than half are not offering any form of financing to their customers when selling their products. Also, more than half of the enterprises are selling their products in areas where the electric grid is present. Analysis of data collected suggests that an increase in product categories (lanterns, solar home lighting systems (SHS), micro-grids, etc.) negatively affects unit scaling for a firm but increases the likelihood that the firm is offering financing for its products. In areas without the electricity grid, the number of off-grid solar technology options decreases because the firms operating in the area have fewer categories of technology options. This study finds that off-grid solar technology enterprises that focus on fewer technology categories are more likely to achieve unit scaling. This finding must be balanced with the fact that the extent of the grid has not inhibited the market for off-grid solar technologies, but rather affects the number of categories of technologies that can be offered in those regions. Development programs should thus recognize that those who need electricity access the most may be the ones with the most limited technology options.
Bridging Gaps: Impact Investors and Social Energy Enterprises, SELCO Foundation
This paper addresses one critical aspect of the ecosystem access to enterprise financing- and was borne out of a largely shared viewpoint by social enterprises that although there has been a widespread effort to capture the difficulties in accessing capital, there is limited insight into expectation gaps between the investment and practitioner community. While the impact investment market has enormous potential, there is a considerable amount of hype over the subject. The market is not ready to absorb commercial capital on the scale talked about and expected widespread profits and returns are probably some time away and in many cases will never be along the lines expected. Therefore, the paper seeks to inform the reader with:
- An insider’s perspective of on-the-ground challenges faced in balancing the right mix of investments impact on missions of social enterprises
- Recommendations that could help guide the growing social investment arena on how to support the development of sustainable social enterprises
The paper is shaped around the investment experience of a two decade old social enterprise in the energy sector and builds on this experience with a round-table discussion held in April 2014 between investors and energy enterprises.
Situation Analysis of Energy and Gender Issues in ECOWAS Member States, the Clean Energy Solutions Center
The report was developed in partnership with the Clean Energy Solutions Center, African Development Bank (AfDB), Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC), Spanish Agency for International Cooperation and Development (AECID), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), ENERGIA and Sustainable Energy Solutions. According to the report, women in the region continue to be outside the decision making sphere and their human rights are often compromised when addressing energy access issues. The study also revealed that although women will be disproportionately more affected by climate change, they possess relatively limited influence on key decisions related to climate change mitigation and adaptation. The report laid the groundwork for the development of the ECOWAS Policy for Gender Mainstreaming in Energy Access, providing insights on how ECOWAS Member States could adopt gender-responsive development strategies to achieve the objectives of the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The Productive Use of Renewable Energy in Africa, European Union Energy Initiative Partnership Dialogue Facility (EUEI PDF)
This paper addresses the need for reliable energy access for businesses to enable the productive use of clean energies. It focuses on the benefits of Productive Use of Renewable Energy (PURE), highlights lessons learnt and challenges, and formulates recommendations to stimulate its spread and better realize its potential. In addition, the paper presents case studies from nine African countries to show promising ways to successfully engage in rural developing areas for entrepreneurs, NGOs, investors and policymakers.
Sustainable Energy for All: Tracking Progress in Asia and the Pacific, the Asian Development Bank (ADB)
This report highlights the challenges faced by the Asia-Pacific region in meeting the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7. The report includes sections on: monitoring Asia and the Pacific’s performance towards the SE4All targets; the energy–women–children–health nexus, with subsections on the labor and health burden of traditional energy services, transforming women’s and children’s lives through modern energy, and integrating women into the energy supply chain; and the SE4All partnership, which addresses country action processes and initiatives.
Meeting multiple policy objectives through accelerating energy efficiency in SMEs, the International Energy Agency
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are a central part of economies worldwide, comprising 99% of enterprises and providing about 60% of employment. The IEA estimates that SMEs use more than 13% of global total final energy demand, around 74 exajoules (EJ) and that cost-effective energy efficiency measures can save SMEs up to 22 EJ – more energy than Japan and Korea consume per year combined. This Policy Pathway describes how well-designed energy efficiency programmes can address these barriers, unlocking a wide range of benefits. The case studies included in the publication explore how corporations, industry and business associations, municipalities, energy providers and other stakeholders can promote energy efficiency in SMEs.
Delivering Universal Energy Access – The Industry Position on Building Off-Grid Lighting and Household Electrification Markets, Global Off-Grid Lighting Association (GOGLA)
Published at the end of October 2015, the positions outlined in this policy handbook represent the collective decisions of over 65 GOGLA members. The handbook deals with a number of key questions, including ways to define and track energy access, how to use public and donor funding, and why kerosene subsidies are harming the off-grid market.
Over three years, M-KOPA has developed an innovative approach to energy delivery in East Africa. This uses solar power and telecommunication technologies, mobile payments, and a motivated sales and support network to deliver a reliable service and cost savings to low income customers. M-KOPA’s model is commercially scalable. It has the potential to reach millions of people who live off-grid or suffer from unreliable electricity supply. This paper introduces the M-KOPA approach and its early results. It provides practical insights and lessons from M-KOPA’s work with large numbers of customers in East Africa. These lessons go beyond the characteristics of M-KOPA’s specific business model to inform business and development activities aimed at low-income customers that have traditionally been excluded from basic services.
This report summarizes the findings from the impact evaluation of d.light’s D20g solar home system go-to-market pilot in south-eastern Uganda, conducted by IDinsight and funded by USAID from the American People; the Shell Foundation, an independent charity; and UK Aid from the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID). The primary objective of the impact evaluation was to quantify social benefits obtained from owning the D20g system for the average customer in south-eastern Uganda. The evaluation also examined consumer satisfaction, preferences, and habits.
Designing Low Carbon Electricity Futures for African and Other Developing Countries, International Rivers
This report discusses how large-scale development of renewable energy technologies, especially wind and solar, can enable African and other developing economies to meet their energy security and energy access goals and leapfrog into a low-carbon electricity future.
The Health Impacts of Energy Choices: A Briefing Paper for the Health Community, the Healthy Energy Initiative
The Healthy Energy Initiative has launched a new briefing paper called The Health Impacts of Energy Choices. Developed for health care and public health professionals around the world, as well as a wider audience, this resource provides an overview of key health considerations in energy systems and energy policy. It recommends actions that can be undertaken by health professionals and policy makers to support energy choices that protect health.
The Sitra report took 17 climate solutions that have already proven successful in 36 countries, and asked what would happen if these were scaled up internationally, using realistic projections through 2030.
Pioneers of Change: 21 Good Practices for Sustainable Low Carbon Development in Developing Countries, Thomas Hirsch, Christine Lottje & Nina Netzer
Based on 21 studies from different developing countries and economic sectors, this publication shows that climate protection and poverty reduction are not necessarily in competition, but that they can be combined. At the same time, the authors illustrate the challenges that exist on the path to sustainable development models and those on the agenda at the UN climate summit in Paris, and they outline sustainable policy approaches for an equitable socio-ecological transformation. This publication has been created under the framework of the project Exploring Sustainable Low carbon Development Pathway.