Warning: Use of undefined constant show_the_sidebar - assumed 'show_the_sidebar' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 503

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_menu_description_html - assumed 'get_menu_description_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 563

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_export_member_list - assumed 'get_export_member_list' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 577

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_member_list - assumed 'get_member_list' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 672

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_member_list_html - assumed 'get_member_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 778

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_filter_list - assumed 'get_filter_list' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 887

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_filters - assumed 'get_filters' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 975

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_docs_list_html - assumed 'get_docs_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 996

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_docs2_list_html - assumed 'get_docs2_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1053

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_blog_list_html - assumed 'get_blog_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1133

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_pr_list_html - assumed 'get_pr_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1196

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_audios_list_html - assumed 'get_audios_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1275

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_galleries_list_html - assumed 'get_galleries_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1334

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_videos_list_html - assumed 'get_videos_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1404

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_last_video - assumed 'get_last_video' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1475

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_events_list_html - assumed 'get_events_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1527

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_webinars_list_html - assumed 'get_webinars_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1716

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_newsletter_list_html - assumed 'get_newsletter_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1827

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_news_n_pr_list_html - assumed 'get_news_n_pr_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 1933

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_blog_box_list_html - assumed 'get_blog_box_list_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 2101

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_custom_content_format - assumed 'get_custom_content_format' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 2185

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_tariffs_filters_html - assumed 'get_tariffs_filters_html' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 2293

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_tariffs_filters_options - assumed 'get_tariffs_filters_options' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 2380

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_tariffs_filters_array - assumed 'get_tariffs_filters_array' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 2399

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_country_by_code - assumed 'get_country_by_code' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 2446

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_product_by_code - assumed 'get_product_by_code' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 2466

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_tariffs_table - assumed 'get_tariffs_table' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 2485

Warning: Use of undefined constant get_tariffs_table_template - assumed 'get_tariffs_table_template' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /nfs/c12/h02/mnt/213644/domains/energyaccess.org/html/wp-content/themes/eapn/app/functions/public-theme.php on line 2647
New Energy Access Reports – December 2016 | Energy Access Practitioner Network

News

New Energy Access Reports – December 2016

World Energy Outlook 2016: Energy and Water Analysis, IEA

The critical nexus between water and energy is examined in the World Energy Outlook 2016, the International Energy Agency’s flagship publication, which looks at how the complex interdependencies between water and energy will deepen in the next decades. The analysis builds on work done in WEO-2012 to assess current and future freshwater requirements for energy production, highlighting potential vulnerabilities and key stress points. It includes, for the first time, the energy requirements for different processes in the water industry, including wastewater treatment, transport and desalination.

The report finds that almost all of the weaknesses in the global energy system, whether they are related to energy access, energy security or the response to climate change, can be exacerbated by changes in water availability, and almost all of the fault lines in global water supply can be widened by failures on the energy side. The analysis provides the first systematic global estimate for the amount of energy used to provide water services to consumers. It shows that over the next 25 years, the amount of energy used in the water sector will more than double, mostly because of desalination projects. By 2040, these desalination projects will account for 20% of water-related electricity demand. Large-scale water transfer projects and increasing demand for wastewater treatment also contribute to the water sector’s rising energy needs.


Proven Delivery Models for LED Public Lighting: Synthesis of Six Case Studies, ESMAP

Most public lighting is concentrated in cities, where it can constitute up to 65 percent of municipal electricity budgets. Compared to alternative forms of public lighting, LED lamps consume less electricity, have longer life cycles, and provide better quality lighting. Despite the benefits, many municipalities are unsure of how to implement an LED lighting program.

This synthesis report summarizes the cross-cutting findings from the six case studies which document real-life experiences, challenges, and solutions encountered in implementing different LED lighting delivery models – ESCO, super-ESCO, joint procurement, public-private partnership, lease-to-own, and municipal financing. Cross-cutting findings include various key roles played by governments, ranging from setting policies that support LED lighting programs to establishing an ESCO with a mandate to implement energy efficient programs while transforming the market.

The report also highlights distinct ways used to mitigate technical, financial, and performance risks by the cities. These span from requiring third-party product test results to completely outsourcing the lighting infrastructure and procuring lighting as a service. It also highlights the importance of strategically engaging stakeholders – such as international partners, local utilities, non-profit groups, to name a few – as the program advances.

The synthesis report as well as the case studies are available for download here.


The emerging market for pico-scale solar PV systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: From donor-supported niches toward market-based rural electrification, UNEP DTU Partnership

This report draws attention to four decisive factors that, in combination, seem to have coincided to enable the development of the market for pico-scale solar appliances:

  • First, the increase in oil prices and derived (petroleum) products, notably diesel and kerosene, have led to an increase in household spending on lighting and electricity.
  • Second, the simultaneous decrease in the cost and increase in the efficiency of core components of solar products, such as solar panels, batteries and LED technology. The price and efficiency improvements have meant that pico-solar products are now able to provide the same service as larger systems did previously, at a much lower cost.
  • Third, the emergence of new and innovative pay-as-you-go (PAYG) business models for payment and delivery of solar PV products is made possible by the widespread use of mobile phones and payment systems and has enabled entrepreneurs to target even the most remote and low-income groups of society.
  • Finally, the global certification scheme introduced by Lighting Africa, which comprises a system for ensuring the quality of pico-scale solar products, has provided customers with a greater level of reliability and certainty in the products purchased.

Clean Cooking: Key to Achieving Global Development and Climate Goals, 2016 Progress Report, the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves

This annual progress report shows that more than 53 million clean and/or efficient cookstoves and fuels have been distributed from 2010-2015, and that the proportion of higher-performing cookstoves in the biomass stoves market is increasing every year.

The report highlights noteworthy accomplishments from across the clean cooking sector, including the continuing momentum as the Alliance’s more than 1,600 partners work toward the goal of enabling 100 million households to adopt clean and efficient cookstoves and fuels by 2020. In addition to the continued growth in distribution and adoption, which is on pace to meet or exceed the 100×2020 goal, the report also showed that cookstoves and fuels companies have raised more than US$60 million in debt and equity financing. The report also highlights progress in advancing clean cooking markets from the Alliance’s eight focus countries (Bangladesh, China, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda).


Sustainability Assessment Tool (SAT) for Mini-Grids, GIZ

In this two-step project, GIZ has explored the issue of sustainability for mini-grids by first researching sustainability factors in existing mini-grids in Indonesia, assessing changes in key performance indicators (technical, beneficiary, operational and financial) in a sample of 175 mini-grids. A Sustainability Assessment Tool (SAT) was then developed to evaluate the findings and to assess other mini-grid sites.

The SAT enables project developers and government officials to select a range of indicators that are likely to affect sustainability of one or a set of mini-grids. Indicator results were ranked according to how well they support sustainability objectives. The tool follows the logic that mini-grid sustainability is achieved when electricity is delivered as planned. The SAT can be used to identify and rate the factors that strengthen or undermine the likelihood for mini-grids to provide electricity over the intended system lifetime or beyond.


Case Study: Bandhan’s Energy Lending Initiative, USAID & ArcFinance

Bandhan Konnagar is part of the Bandhan Group, which provides microfinance services to 7.6 million borrowers — almost all women — through 2,022 branches across 24 Indian states. In 2013, Bandhan created an energy program to provide a microfinance facility for high-quality solar devices. In August of 2015, Bandhan became a fully commercial bank, and the bank now serves as the financing arm of Bandhan’s energy program. Bandhan aims to harness the enormous scale of its existing microfinance business to scale its energy lending activities, and transform millions of lives by making modern energy services accessible to India’s rural poor.


Impact of Lighting on Education: Baseline Summary – Zambia, SolarAid & Stanford University’s Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD)

In 2014, SolarAid and Stanford University’s Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD) partnered to conduct research on the impact of solar lighting on education outcomes. The UK Department for International Development (DFID) is funding the research alongside a Stanford University contribution, with d.light having donated S2 solar lights for the research. This infographic-style report outlines the key findings from the research as of October 2016.


Renewables in Mozambique – National Status Report, ALER

This report compiles detailed and up-to-date information on the current status of the renewable energy sector in Mozambique. The report benefits from being bilingual (Portuguese / English) facilitating its understanding and reach, both at national and international level.

The report aims to assist both the private and the public sectors:

  • From the private sector’s perspective, the report aims to provide the most recent and relevant information, including access to privileged contents, to help potential investors in their decision-making and project development process.
  • From the public sector’s perspective, the report aims to assist national authorities in information dissemination, awareness raising to the national renewable energy potential, consolidation of administrative procedures in order to smooth the administrative burden, encouraging the involvement of the private sector and attracting foreign investment.

The drafting of this report allowed the identification of constraints to the development of renewable energy projects, together with the compilation of solutions and suggestions on how to overcome them. Following this, ALER will engage efforts to implement the recommendations listed in the report, contributing to a sustained development of the sector and the creation of business opportunities.

To order the report, please fill out the online order form. The index and executive summary of the report, which demonstrate the completeness and broad coverage of the information included can be found here. For further information, please contact geral@aler-renovaveis.org


Renewable Energy Outlook for ASEAN, IRENA

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) aims to rely more on renewables to support a sustainable, secure and prosperous future. The region has set out to make 23% of its primary energy renewable by 2025, compared to 9.4% in 2014. Yet current policies — including those still under consideration – only suffice to reach just under 17% renewables. This leaves a crucial six-percentage-point gap.

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) has worked intensively with the ASEAN Centre for Energy and ASEAN’s ten member states to find ways to accelerate renewable energy deployment in line with the region’s goal. As this report indicates, that goal is achievable. Moreover, increased reliance on renewables would bring lower overall costs, cleaner cities, and a more secure and robust energy supply.

The report – part of IRENA’s global REmap analysis – goes into depth on the technologies required for this ambitious transition. While renewable power technologies are vital, significant scale-up is also needed in renewable heating, cooking and transport. Regional co-operation is also essential to support deployment and expand energy access.


Securitization: Unnecessary Complexity or Key to Financing the DESCO Sector?, Persistent Energy Capital

In December 2015, the first asset securitization was completed by a distributed energy services company (DESCO). A special purpose vehicle subsidiary of BBOXX Ltd. issued asset backed notes – named Distributed Energy Asset Receivables, or DEARs – secured by approximately 2,500 customer installment sales contracts. The contracts represented the unpaid portion of the purchase price of BBOXX’s solar home systems sold to customers living without electricity in Kenya. Oikocredit International, a global impact investor, purchased the Kenyan shilling denominated notes for $510,000 (KES 52,000,000).

As the anniversary of the sector’s first securitization approaches, the authors assess whether their thesis – that securitization will be the cornerstone of financing the DESCO sector – remains sound. The paper first describes how securitization can work in the DESCO sector, providing basic structure, terms and pricing theory. They also discuss possible variations on the basic structure, referring to related financing structures used in Western markets. The article then describes the advantages and disadvantages of securitization and how securitization can anchor any growing DESCO’s corporate finance strategy.


Eco Design Note Issue 6 “Renewable Energy Product Repair Part I: Overview, Lighting Global

This short report reviews the opportunities and challenges associated with the development of a repair market for this unique class of consumer electronic devices. There are several benefits of repair to local communities, and a strong consumer desire exists for repair services. Support from product manufacturers is identified as a key element to providing access to replacement parts and providing entrepreneurs and local repair shops the tools they need to succeed. Topics for other Lighting Global Technical Notes may be suggested at any time by visiting the website.


Market Study on Nigerian Captive Power, Africa-EU Renewable Energy Cooperation Programme (RECP)

Nigeria has abundant renewable energy resources and serious interest to expand business in this area. The National Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy (NREEEP) was approved by Nigeria’s government, expressing its support for all main renewable energy technologies.

Scoping work in Nigeria has identified the opportunity for RECP to catalyze investments in renewable energy within the captive power market. This study seeks to assess the characteristics and scale of these market segments, and focuses especially on the agriculture and food processing sector, in which opportunities for biomass waste to energy and solar energy arise. In addition, several case studies about typical project types were conducted. Another key outcome of the study is the identification of potential captive power projects in Nigeria, for which a database is being developed.


Impact of off-grid energy: Solar village Cambodia, Sevea

This report evaluates the social, economic, and environmental impacts of the first solar village in Asia, located in Chbar Chros in Cambodia. Stiftung Solarenergie, which has been successfully implementing solar villages in East Africa since 2004, provided each household in Chbar Chros with a basic lighting system (2 LED, mobile phone charging systems) at a subsidized price, affordable to even the poorest household in the village, in cooperation with CamKids and NRG Solutions.

Involved since the beginning of the project, Sevea was hired to make an independent impact assessment of the solar village Chbar Chros and evaluate and measure the social, economic and environmental impacts brought by the sun-connection of the village. Sevea’s assessment shows significant improvements in the community as well as interesting learnings.


Small Merchants, Big Opportunity: The Forgotten Path to Financial Inclusion, Dalberg Global Advisors and the Global Development Incubator

This report explores how financial service providers can engage micro and small merchants to unlock the social and economic potential of digital payments. Drawing on conversations with more than 300 merchants and 75 key financial sector stakeholders, the report concludes that digital payment systems must be improved to meet the needs of small merchants. Creating cashless systems that suit small merchants is crucial for both the merchants and financial service providers, as cashless systems are often the first step toward increased uptake of more sophisticated financial products such as loans and insurance.

The opportunity to increase micro and small merchants’ access to capital is identified in the report as a key motivator for the adoption of digital payment systems. Digital payment products can allow merchants to receive supplier credit, or to track their financial history so that the products can be used to access bank credit. The potential opportunities for merchants to expand their businesses by processing payments for utility bills, mobile phone top-up or other transactions is also a motivating factor.