New Energy Access Reports – June 2016

Renewables 2016 Global Status Report, REN21

First released in 2005, REN21’s Renewables Global Status Report (GSR) has grown to become a truly collaborative effort, drawing on an international network of over 500 authors, contributors and reviewers. Today it is the most frequently referenced report on renewable energy market, industry and policy trends.

This year’s report, launched at CEM 7 in San Francisco, is one of the most comprehensive annual overviews of the state of renewable energy. GSR 2016 has detailed data and information on distributed renewables. The year saw several developments that all have a bearing on renewable energy, including a dramatic decline in global fossil fuel prices; a series of announcements regarding the lowest-ever prices for renewable power long-term contracts; a significant increase in attention to energy storage; and a historic climate agreement in Paris that brought together the global community. The role of cities, communities and companies in the expanding “100% renewable” movement is documented, and the feature looks at renewables in community power.

Social Impact Report, GOGLA

This report finds that poor households in Africa and Asia have saved $3.4 billion, thanks to an increased uptake in solar lighting products, more than doubling households’ available ‘light’ time for work, study or socializing. Off-grid lighting products are currently impacting 71.6 million people, who previously relied on kerosene lamps and battery-operated torches. Together with the recent GOGLA/Lighting Global ‘Global Solar Off-Grid Semi-Annual Market Report’, the reports outline how the off-grid energy industry grew across the world in 2015. Using sales data reported by over 30 of our members, this is considered to be the first report of its kind to demonstrate the quantitative impact of off-grid lighting, with measurable results and in a consistent manner, across social indicators such as economic benefits, livelihoods and wellbeing.

EE+EA : enhancing the World Bank’s energy access investments through energy efficiency, World Bank

This report examines eight recent World Bank energy access projects, and also recommends ways in which energy efficiency measures can amplify the impact of future projects that aim to achieve universal energy access. The report recommends ways for the World Bank to maximize the impact of future energy access projects. Those include making energy efficiency a cornerstone of projects, communicating the benefits of the nexus between energy efficiency and energy access, and setting tangible project indicators and targets and developing tools to help countries procure more energy efficient products. The report also recommends rethinking subsidized energy tariffs, educating consumers on energy efficient behavior and prioritizing markets where market structure does not currently exist to take advantage of energy efficiency as part of energy access work.

Impacts of Small-Scale Electricity Systems: A Study of Rural Communities in India and Nepal, World Resources Institute

This study assesses and compares the benefits of electricity service to households and small enterprises from micro grids, solar home systems (SHS), and the national grid in selected rural communities in India and Nepal. By analyzing primary data from a survey in rural India and Nepal, it claims to be one of the first efforts to quantify and assess the performance of these decentralized solutions in terms of reliability, affordability and development impacts.

African Economic Outlook 2016, AfDB, OECD, UNDP

This report presents the continent’s current state of affairs and forecasts its situation for the coming two years. This annual report examines Africa’s performance in crucial areas: macroeconomics, financing, trade policies and regional integration, human development, and governance. For its 15th edition, the African Economic Outlook takes a hard look at urbanization and structural transformation in Africa and proposes practical steps to foster sustainable cities. A section of country notes summarizes recent economic growth, forecasts gross domestic product for 2016 and 2017, and highlights the main policy issues facing each of the 54 African countries. A statistical annex compares country-specific economic, social and political variables.

The Future of Africa’s Energy Supply, the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS)
This report provides an analysis of available literature and data on the development of renewable energy in Africa and, based on this, suggests policy options for achieving the objectives supported by the G7 declaration. The report represents an input to discussions following the Leaders’ Declaration issued at the G7 Summit held in June 2015 “to accelerate access to renewable energy in Africa and developing countries in other regions with a view to reducing energy poverty and mobilizing substantial financial resources from private investors, development finance institutions and multilateral development banks by 2020 building on existing work and initiatives”.

Electricity Beyond the Grid: Accelerating Access to Sustainable Power for All, PwC

This report features interviews with 16 movers and shapers involved in off-grid electrification projects in Africa and Asia to gain their perspective on the factors influencing the development of this solution to energy access. Interview participants included developers, technology providers, policy experts and government officials. The interviews covered organizations based in nine countries and with projects spanning a wider number of countries.

Private-Sector Engagement The Key to Efficient, Effective Energy Access for Refugees, GVEP International for Moving Energy Initiative

This paper is one of a series of ‘toolkits’ developed by MEI partners. It offers guidance on the effective and efficient involvement of private-sector actors in providing energy solutions in forced displacement settings. It is aimed at implementers of energy interventions, and at policy decision-makers who identify priority needs and develop humanitarian budgets. Many of the insights in this paper were generated via discussions with companies scaling up energy access in ‘base-of-the-pyramid’ communities. This paper should be read in conjunction with other publications in the MEI series – A Review of Cooking Systems for Humanitarian Settings (Practical Action); The Energy Situation in the Dadaab Refugee Camps, Kenya (GVEP International); The Energy Situation in Goudoubo Refugee Camp, Burkina Faso (Practical Action Consulting); and the main report from the first phase of the project, Heat, Light and Power for Refugees: Saving Lives, Reducing Costs (Chatham House).

Decentralized Energy: the Fast-Track to Universal Energy Access, Power for All

Power for All’s new framework for achieving universal energy access before 2030 outlines specific actions multilateral development banks (MDBs) can and should take to expedite delivery of electricity to the 1.1 billion people living without access to modern energy services. The report emphasizes a “need for speed” in achieving universal energy access and highlights why DRE solutions, such as solar home systems and mini-grids, offer the best path forward. The report identifies three specific courses of action for MDBs:

  • Utilizing energy access opportunity cost assessments in funding decisions;
  • Catalyzing dedicated energy access super funds to accelerate the DRE sector; and,
  • Mobilizing national DRE accelerators (based on successful models like Bangladesh’s IDCOL) in key countries suffering from energy poverty.

Cooking Innovations in Humanitarian Settings, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves

This publication provides a snapshot of available technologies, existing projects, and current knowledge on implementing cooking interventions in humanitarian settings. It profiles two fully scaled cooking projects that have changed the lives of refugees and IDPs in Ethiopia and Sudan, and features several innovations – fuels, cooking technology, and distribution models – that have the potential to benefit more crisis-affected people with further research, funding, and field testing. Organizations featured include Project Gaia, Practical Action, UNHCR, Carbon Clear, Oxfam, HOAREC, and ANERA.

Renewable Energy and Jobs Annual Review 2016, IRENA

This report presents the status of renewable energy employment, both by technology and in selected countries, over the past year. In this edition, IRENA estimates that renewable energy sector employed 8.1 million people, directly or indirectly, in 2015. In addition, large hydropower accounted for another 1.3 million direct jobs in 2015. Renewable energy markets and employment continued to be shaped by favorable policy frameworks in several countries, regional shifts in deployment and increased labor productivity.

Power Up: Delivering renewable energy in Africa, The Economist Intelligence Unit

The African Renewable Energy Initiative, led by institutions including the African Union and the United Nations Environment Programme, has set a goal of 300 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030. But this requires a 680% increase in current deployment rates. This report, combining country fieldwork and 28 expert interviews, looks at the current renewable power capacity on the continent, identifies the market leaders and looks at the key enablers and constraints.

Galapagos San Cristóbal Island Wind Project 2003-2016: Performance summary and recommendations for enhancing Ecuador’s longest-operating wind project, GSEP

This report contains a performance summary and expansion recommendations for the Galapagos San Cristóbal Island Wind Project. The publication of this report coincides with the transfer of the project to the local utility, ELECGALÁPAGOS S.A., which is ready to move towards the goal of converting the Galapagos Islands into a zero fossil fuels territory. With three 800 kW turbines and two 6 kW solar photovoltaic systems which have cumulatively produced 136,000 kWh of electricity, the project is the first large-scale wind project in Ecuador. Since its commissioning in 2007, it has reduced diesel consumption by 2.3 million gallons, prevented the emission of 21,000 tons of CO2, and supplies approximately 30% of San Cristóbal Island’s electricity needs.