New Energy Access Reports – March 2016

Off-Grid Solar Market Trends Report 2016, Lighting Global, Bloomberg New Energy Finance, Global Off-Grid Lighting Association

This flagship report tracks the groundbreaking technological advances and innovative business models that transform the lives of millions through affordable solar energy services. Taking stock of what the emerging off-grid solar industry has achieved to date, the report looks at the opportunities and challenges facing the sector and assesses the potential of off-grid solar to help achieve universal electricity access. The Market Trends Report is the third in a series to provide a snapshot of the off-grid lighting market, industry-level data and analysis on key trends. It relies on the inputs of a broad range of industry experts, manufacturers, distributors, scientists, investors, market researchers and NGO leaders worldwide.

The State of the Global Off-Grid Appliance Market, Global LEAP

The market research report by the Clean Energy Ministerial’s Global Lighting and Energy Access Partnership (Global LEAP) finds that growth in global clean energy access markets and the off-grid appliance market are inextricably linked, and provides a close study of three appliance product categories that will be increasingly important in the near- to mid-term: off-grid televisions, fans, and refrigerators. The study’s main finding is that – with improvements in the supply chain and policy ecosystem, as well as in the energy efficiency, quality and design of the products themselves – the global market for these three products is positioned to grow to $4.7 billion per year by 2020, an 800% increase. A four-page Executive Summary of the report is available here. A printable version of the full report is available here, and a web-ready version is available here.

REmap: Roadmap for A Renewable Energy Future, 2016 Edition, IRENA

This second edition of IRENA’s global roadmap broadens its analysis to cover 40 countries, representing 80 per cent of global energy use. According to the report, great strides have been made to increase renewables in the power sector, which is on track to generate roughly 30 per cent of the world’s electricity by 2030 (up from 23 per cent today). If a doubling is achieved, this share would grow to more than 50 per cent. There is also great potential to increase renewables in transport, buildings and industry, but these sectors are currently lagging behind. To achieve this goal, the report identifies five priorities for action including: (1) correcting market distortions to create a level playing field; (2) introducing greater flexibility into energy systems to accommodate the variable nature of some forms of renewable energy; (3) developing and deploying renewable energy solutions for heating and cooling in new urban development projects and industry; (4) promoting electric transport based on renewable power and biofuels to reduce air pollution; and (5) ensuring the sustainable, affordable and reliable supply of bioenergy feedstocks.

Promoting Clean Mini-Grids in Rural Areas, ECOWAS Renewable Energy Facility (EREF)

This booklet provides a comprehensive summary of the clean mini-grid projects being implemented in the ECOWAS region through ECOWAS Renewable Energy Facility (EREF). EREF is a grant facility managed by the ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE) that provides grants for small to medium sized renewable energy and energy efficiency projects and business in rural and peri-urban areas in the ECOWAS region.

Practical guidance for improving the effectiveness of monitoring, verification and enforcement activities, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Global Environment Facility (GEF) en.lighten initiative

This new series of monitoring, verification and enforcement (MVE) guidance notes were developed as part of the Southeast Asia and Pacific Monitoring, Verification and Enforcement Project to provide practical tools to support the development of an effective lighting policy compliance framework and to help countries achieve a successful transition to energy efficient lighting. The series consists of six guidance notes:

  • Developing Lighting Product Registration Systems
  • Efficient Lighting Market Baselines and Assessment
  • Enforcing Efficient Lighting Regulations
  • Good Practices for Photometric Laboratories
  • Performance Testing of Lighting Products
  • Product Selection and Procurement for Lamp Performance Testing

Each guidance note focuses on an individual aspect of a MVE infrastructure, provides best practice guidance and examples for implementation, and describes how it contributes to improved product compliance and the success of policies aimed at transforming the market to efficient lighting.

Mobile for Development Utilities: Assessing the opportunity for pay-as-you-go solar in Nigeria, GSMA

This study explores the opportunity for mobile network operators to partner with service providers for providing pay-as-you-go (PAYG) solar solutions to the customers in Nigeria. According to the report, market for off-grid solar solutions in Nigeria is in nascent stage with a few actors moving the market forward by exploring the potential for mobile technology for deploying PAYG solar solutions at scale.

Replication and scaling-up of isolated mini-grid type of off-grid interventions in India, Pugazenthi D., Gopal K. Sarangi, Arabinda Mishra and Subhes C. Bhattacharyya

This study explores the replication and scaling-up of potential of mini-grids in the least electrified states of India by considering a set of evaluation criteria such as grid-extension option, renewable energy resource potential, electrification rate, organizational strength, presence or absence of technical support system, and ease of access to banking services. Overall rankings suggest that top 20% districts offer good business potential for private investors to venture into the mini-grid market. However, the concern lies with the districts placed at the bottom, which require specific government interventions through appropriate policy, regulatory and financial support.

How do we license it? A guide to licensing a mini-grid energy service company in Kenya, The German Climate Technology Initiative, GIZ Promotion of Solar-Hybrid Mini-Grids Project

This guidebook was compiled based on the experience gained in licensing and operationalizing the Talek

Power solar hybrid mini-grid project in Narok County, Kenya. While this pilot project provides electricity to the surrounding community, it also serves as a learning tool for all mini-grid stakeholders in the country, with lessons learned discussed in the guidebook.

Financial Mechanisms for Clean Energy in Small Island Developing States, World Bank

This report explores potential financing mechanism options that can be employed to catalyze more private sector investment in clean energy, particularly looking at renewable energy and energy efficiency, in the small island developing states (SIDS), with special attention given to the role that the private sector can play in financing efforts.

Scope for Energy Access Interventions: Tanzania & Nigeria – A Scenario Report, SELCO Foundation

This report provides an in-depth understanding of the supporting ecosystem for decentralized energy access solutions, identifying potential ground level support required to resolve these issues through a replication approach within two African countries.

Deployment of Decentralized Renewable Energy Solutions – An Ecosystem Approach, SELCO Foundation

This report is an attempt to develop a framework to understand decentralized renewable energy access from an ecosystem lens in India. The framework has been tested in the regions of Koraput and Kalahandi in Orissa, and Pilibhit and Lakhimpur Kheri in Uttar Pradesh.

Electricity Mapping: Availability of electricity supply in different parts of Karnataka, SELCO Foundation

This report consists of a detailed analysis of electricity availability in Karnataka, India via the metered electricity data obtained through the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system.

Business innovation and diffusion of off-grid solar technologies in India, Kartikeya Singh

This study examines the existing and emerging business models for the distribution of off-grid solar technologies in India. It explores why certain models or types of network help facilitate the diffusion of off-grid solar technologies more than others, and examines unit scaling of the number of products a company has distributed based on whether or not the firms are selling their products in areas connected to the electricity grid, and whether or not they are providing financing, or using government subsidies. It also assesses the number of states in which firms distribute, and whether or not there is a provision for after sales support, and what types of products they are distributing.

Behave and save? Behaviour, energy efficiency and performance of micro and small enterprises in Uganda, Babette Never
This paper analyses the role of behavioral factors for the energy management of manufacturing micro and small enterprises (MSEs) in Sub-Sahara Africa for the first time. Drawing on semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions in Uganda, it finds that behavioral barriers impeding energy efficiency contribute to the limited performance of MSEs in Uganda. Limited self-control and short-term thinking, habits, a status quo bias and a lack of trust impede the uptake of energy efficiency, while first-hand experience with efficient technology, implementation intentions and social learning can be conducive. Behavioral insights on energy efficiency therefore present another piece of the puzzle on MSE performance. The paper is available for free download until May 3.

Secure and Sustainable Energy in a Water-Constrained World, Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS)

The water needs of the global energy sector are significant, and water constraints are already posing a risk to a secure electricity supply in many regions. Therefore, to promote water-resilient electricity generation around the world, the IASS has published this policy brief and recommends taking the following three steps:

  • Increase the share of wind power and solar PV in water-scarce regions. Wind power and solar PV are the least water-intensive electricity technologies, and contribute to mitigating climate-induced water risks thanks to very low greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Incorporate water scarcity into energy decision-making. Charging the energy sector for its water use in a way that better reflects actual water costs and scarcities can be an effective way to improve water management in the sector.
  • Enhance transparency on water use in the energy sector. The limited data on actual water requirements in the energy sector is a fundamental deficiency for informed decision-making, and both private companies and the public sector should improve their monitoring and reporting on water use accordingly.

Opportunities for Agri-Food Chains to Become Energy-Smart, FAO and USAID

This publication aims to provide detailed data on the energy requirements and possible clean-energy solutions along three agricultural value chains: milk/dairy, rice and vegetables. It also supports the design of a developmental framework that increases the productivity and value generated in rural areas.

Need Assessment Study of the South Asia Region, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership

This paper aims to understand the scope and potential of three areas: Food-Water-Energy Nexus, Net Zero/Positive Energy Building and Sustainable Urban Transport in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka, mapping the status of the relevant sectors. A collection of overall regional-level needs for intervention are also presented.

Feasibility of KUDURA hybrid generation system in Mozambique: Sensitivity study of the small-scale PV-biomass and PV-diesel power generation hybrid system, Henrique Garrido, Vivian Vendeirinho, M.C. Brito

The use of agricultural and food processing waste is an important source of biomass fuel for energy generation in rural and remote locations. In particular, gasification of cashew nut shell has a high potential for clean electricity generation due to its relative high energy content. In this study, the techno-economic assessment of a solar photovoltaic-biomass gasification hybrid system is carried out for a case study in Nampula, Mozambique. Model results and sensitivity analysis show that this system is able to achieve competitive levelized cost of electricity when compared with diesel generators.

Global cost advantages of autonomous solar–battery–diesel systems compared to diesel-only systems, C. Cadera, P. Bertheau, P. Blechingera, H.Huyskens, Ch. Breyer

Isolated diesel systems are the main electricity generation method in many rural areas and represent a viable option for supply in un-electrified villages in the Global South. However, this generation scheme leads to a dependency on fossil fuels and consequences of their price volatility on a global market with a projected increase of costs in the future. This study takes a look at the overall global potential for solar–battery–diesel mini-grids for rural electrification and derives a comparative analysis of the respective regions.