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New Energy Access Reports – April 2016 | Energy Access Practitioner Network

News

New Energy Access Reports – April 2016

Beyond Connections: Energy Access Redefined, ESMAP and Sustainable Energy for All

This new report from the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) Knowledge Hub conceptualizes a new multi-tier framework for defining and measuring access to energy. Binary metrics such as whether a household has an electricity connection, and whether a household cooks with non-solid fuels do not help to understand the phenomenon of expanding energy access and how it impacts socioeconomic development. This report heralds a new definition and metric of energy access that is broader—it covers energy for households, productive engagement, and community facilities, focusing on the quality of energy being accessed.

The multi-tier framework underlying Beyond Connections will prove to be a tool for measuring and goal setting, investment prioritization, and tracking progress. It will help to capture the multiple modes of delivering energy access from grid to off-grid and to the range of cooking methods and fuels. It will also help reflect the contributions of various programs, agencies, and national governments toward achieving the SE4All goals. A follow-up report will examine methodologies for applying this framework to projects, programs and country contexts. Experience from pilots in a number of countries will help demonstrate the methodologies in action. Eventually, the rollout of a global multi-tier survey will give much finer detail on the quality of energy access across all countries.



Achieving Universal Electricity Access in Indonesia, Asian Development Bank

Indonesia has achieved an impressive 84% electrification rate, but faces significant challenges in reaching the remaining 16% of its households. This report describes Indonesia’s electrification environment and identifies barriers to achieving universal electricity access. Principles drawn from international best practices such as government commitment, enabling institutional environments, adequate and sustainable financing, and stakeholder coordination are discussed in the context of Indonesia’s energy sector. The report gives recommendations for establishing service standards, streamlining financing, setting appropriate targets, and monitoring and evaluation, as well as near-term steps to help achieve universal electricity access.


Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment, Frankfurt School-UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate and Bloomberg New Energy Finance

The 10th Global Trends in Renewable Energy shows that global investment in renewable energy hit a record US$285.9 billion in 2015, beating the previous high of $278.5 billion set in 2011. The assessment also shows that investment in developing nations exceeded that in developed countries. The developing world committed a total of US$156 billion (up 19% from 2014 levels) in renewables, excluding large hydro), while developed nations invested US$130 billion (down 8% from 2014 levels). A large element in this turnaround was China, which lifted its investment by 17% to US$ 102.9 billion, or 36% of the world total. However, other developing nations also made up six of the top ten investors.


Understanding Power Project Financing, The Commercial Law Development Program, US Department of Commerce

This second handbook in Power Africa’s Understanding series is designed to help Power Africa partners master the expansive, and often confusing, universe of financing options for power project development. The first book in this series is the popular Understanding Power Purchase Agreements handbook, considered by power sector experts as one of the most vital resources to help drive private investment in power projects in Africa. A French-language version of Understanding Power Purchase Agreements was also released in December 2015 at COP 21 in Paris.


Sustainable Energy Access Forums: Strengthening Enabling Environments through Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships, WWF and WRI

WWF and WRI have partnered to develop a roadmap for creating Sustainable Energy Access Forums (SEAFs) at the country level. The roadmap offers a multi-stakeholder approach to strengthening the enabling environment around investments, planning, and policy and regulation of access to clean energy initiatives. It looks for opportunities to build on existing energy access mechanisms and suggests ways in which these mechanisms can be made more robust. To facilitate this engagement, WWF and WRI have also produced a companion tool called “10 Questions to Ask about Distributed Generation”.

The first part of the roadmap reviews the literature on multi-stakeholder partnerships (MSPs), focusing on those that aim to bolster public governance by bringing complementary expertise and ensuring transparency and accountability. It draws out two key lessons:

  1. Engagement must be consistent along the entire decision-making chain.
  2. Power inequalities are inevitable and can only be addressed through conscious capacity-building efforts over time.

The second part of the roadmap identifies the types of CSOs engaging in the energy sector decision-making processes, including the range of issues that concern them and their modes of engagement. It provides examples from the literature as well as the experiences of two networks of CSOs: the Alliance of Civil Society Organizations for Clean Energy Access (ACCESS) and the Electricity Governance Initiative (EGI) .

In part three, the roadmap identifies three entry points for multi-stakeholder engagement in energy access:

  1. Investment: Stakeholders work together to develop investment plans for extending energy access, such as those developed for support by an international initiative or fund, and track the outcomes.
  2. Planning: Stakeholders engage in national or subnational planning processes such as integrated resource planning, national electrification planning, and rural energy planning.
  3. Policy and Regulatory Processes: Stakeholders agree to good governance benchmarks for institutions and other market participants engaged in the energy sector.


Decentralized Renewable Hybrid Mini-Grids for Sustainable Electrification of the Off-Grid Coastal Areas of Bangladesh, Majbaul Alam, Subhes Bhattacharyya

Lack of access to energy is considered a significant bottleneck for the socio-economic development of Bangladesh. Despite earning recognition for promoting solar home systems, most of the rural areas and remote islands of the country still remain non-electrified, due to very high unit cost and low quality of electricity from solar home systems (SHS) coupled with only few hours of restricted usage in the evening. Considering the resource potential and demand characteristics at the local level, the study investigates the hybrid renewable mini-grid approach as a possible solution for universal electricity access in the country. Using the Hybrid Optimisation of Multiple Energy Resources (HOMER) simulation model, the study, covering the whole coastal region of Bangladesh, shows that it is possible to offer a much better quality electricity for 12 to 18 hours a day for as low as US$ 0.29–USD 0.31/kWh. Hybrid models suggested in this study can be replicated along the coastal belt and remote islands to obtain maximum diffusion of this technology and hence universal electrification. 


 

Off-Grid Industry Yearbook, Sun-Connect News

Sun-Connect News publishes practice-relevant articles from renowned international authors of the off-grid business. The most important articles of the year 2015 were selected for the present anthology, covering the entire spectrum of the off-grid business. The contributions do not provide a comprehensive handbook, but give suggestions, hints and tips. Some essays are also challenging, stimulate in-depth discussion or opposition.


Global Off-grid Energy Storage Market 2015-2019, Technavio

According to the latest market research study released by Technavio, the global off-grid energy storage market is expected to exceed USD 13 billion by 2019, growing at a CAGR of over 7% during the forecast period. The report segments the global off-grid energy storage market by technology and can be divided into three broad segments:

  • Global off-grid energy storage market by Li-ion batteries
  • Global off-grid energy storage market by lead-acid batteries
  • Global off-grid energy storage market by sodium-based batteries

Request a sample report here.