New Energy Access Reports — January 2016

Clean Energy Mini-grids High Impact Opportunity Annual , Sustainable Energy for All

The work of the Sustainable Energy for All initiative’s focus area on mini-grids, the Clean Energy Mini-Grids High Impact Opportunity (HIO), as outlined in this Annual Report for 2015, is making a significant contribution to the SE4All objectives. Clean energy mini-grids offer an excellent example of the linkage between energy access, renewables and efficiency, and the connection to other development challenges. This Annual Report highlights the activities of the HIO, helping the initiative to share the progress made and the lessons learned in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, and providing a foundation for the presentation of further achievements from the HIO in the future.

Identifying and reducing the health and safety impacts of fuel-based lighting, Evan Mills

The inequity of costly and low-quality fuel-based lighting is compounded by adverse health and safety risks including burns, indoor air pollution, poisoning due to accidental ingestion of kerosene fuel by children, compromised visual health, maternal health issues, and reduced service in health facilities illuminated solely or sporadically with fuel-based lighting. This article compiles and synthesizes information on the health and safety impacts of fuel-based lighting from 135 reports spanning 33 countries. Energy efficient, off-grid lighting solutions offer the most promising and scalable means to eliminate adverse health outcomes, while lowering lighting costs and reducing greenhouse-gas emissions. Deployments seeking the greatest possible health benefit should target the most impacted geographical and demographic user groups. Because women and children are disproportionately affected, improved lighting technologies for use by these groups will yield particularly significant health benefits.

The Clean Energy Voyage 2, UNEP

The Clean Energy Voyage has many paths to a clean energy economy, but they could all be converging on a new model for the generation and distribution of energy, particularly electricity. As the world has reached an historic agreement on climate change, this new report, released by UNEP, is an important and timely reminder of how far the world has already come and of how much further the Clean Energy Voyage can still take us.

REthinking Energy: Renewable energy and climate change, IRENA

Launched in the lead-up to the Paris Climate Conference, the second edition of REthinking Energy from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) – looks at how the transition to renewables could help limit global warming. As the report points out, renewable energy is at the core of any strategy for countries to meet climate goals while supporting economic growth, employment and domestic value creation. Doubling the share of renewables by 2030 could deliver around half of the emissions reductions needed and, in combination with energy efficiency, keep the rise in average global temperatures within 2 degrees Celsius. The share of renewables needs to grow not only in power generation but also in transport, heating and cooling. To avoid a lock-in with unsustainable energy systems, investments must grow immediately and must almost double to USD 500 billion annually between now and 2020, IRENA’s analysis shows. Five clear actions are needed to support the renewable energy transition: 1) strengthening the policy commitment to renewable energy; 2) mobilizing investment in renewable energy; 3) building institutional, technical and human capacity; 4) harnessing the cross-cutting impact of renewables on sustainable development; and 5) enhancing regional engagement and international cooperation.

Energy Report for Uganda, WWF

WWF has just launched its ‘landmark’ report showing a possible 100% renewable energy future for Uganda. This report is the first of its kind from WWF in sub-Saharan Africa and brings to light the prospect of a future powered by 100% renewable energy for a developing country.

Business Models to Realise the Potential of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in the Greater Mekong Region, ADB

This report looks at the business models to help accelerate the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency in the Greater Mekong region. In addition to outlining business models, the report also indicates options for investments in these two areas through public-private partnerships. The report was prepared by the Asian Development Bank, in collaboration with the governments of Cambodia, the Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam.

Scaling up Electricity Access through Mini and Micro Hydropower Applications – A Strategic Stock-taking and Developing a Future Roadmap, the World Bank and ASTAE

In Nepal, where 30 percent of the population has no access to electricity and the rest have to bear with load shedding of up to 12 hours per day, development of renewable energy technology, both on-grid and off-grid, has become crucial to increase energy access. Micro hydropower plants contribute substantially to improve the rural economy and help in overall development and poverty reduction. This study seeks to understand the barriers and opportunities for scaling up micro hydropower projects and to provide recommendations on how such scaling up can be achieved.

Financial Mechanisms for Clean Energy in Small Island Developing States, ESMAP

This report explores the potential financing mechanism options that could be employed to catalyze more private sector investment in clean energy (renewable energy and energy efficiency) in the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). Various financial instruments that have been used successfully to date are described and placed in the context of the issues and constraints of the SIDS, with suggested options for discussion and follow up.

UNECE Renewable Energy Status Report, UNECE and REN21

Despite comprising over 300 million inhabitants and representing 4.9% of the world’s GDP 17 UNECE countries in South and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia represented only 0.5% or USD 0.9 billion of global renewable energy investment in 2014. Attracting investment represents a major challenge in these countries, despite numerous support schemes and policies for renewable energy. The report provides a comprehensive overview of the status of renewable energy and energy efficiency markets, industry, policy and regulatory frameworks, and investment activities. The report

draws on information from national and regional sources to present the most up-to-date summary of sustainable energy in: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

What are we measuring? An empirical analysis of household electricity access metrics in rural Bangladesh, Sebastian Groh, Shonali Pachauri, Rao Narasimha

Measuring energy access through binary indicators is insufficient, and in some cases even misleading. In this work, we critically evaluate the World Bank’s multi-tier framework (MTF) to measure household electricity access using a household survey in rural Bangladesh. The study shows that access measurement is highly sensitive to changes in parameter values, the application of different algorithms, and data availability. We also discuss the wider implications of applying the framework to current electricity access intervention programs in Bangladesh, provide feedback on the MTF’s design, as well as suggest potential improvements for its application in the future.

Energy Access and Urban Poverty. Energy and everyday life in an informal settlement in Maputo, Mozambique, Practical Action

The great majority of people without access to modern energy services are rural and, rightly, much of the discussion on energy access focuses on how to reach them. However, despite their greater geographical proximity to grid electricity and other supplies of clean energy, people living in poverty in urban areas also lack energy access. The World Bank’s own trials of the Global Tracking Framework demonstrated this for Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. We need a greater understanding of how people access energy in these contexts, and what the barriers and opportunities are for improving that access. This paper explores these questions in the context of an in-depth study of the Chamanculo C settlement in Maputo, Mozambique.

REN21 Annual Report 2015, REN21

REN21’s newly released Annual Report covers publications, events, network and outreach and facts and figures. The section “Future Outlook” maps key milestones anticipated for 2016.

2015 Annual Review, GVEP International

This new report highlights the impact of small and medium-sized enterprises in delivering energy access in sub-Saharan Africa without increasing carbon emissions. Poor communities in off-grid areas are gaining access to energy at an accelerating rate, through distributed, renewable energy technologies which do not pose a threat to our climate. The Annual Review provides many examples of the different ways GVEP is working with entrepreneurs to help them realize their visions of profitable growth whilst expanding access to energy from renewable sources such as solar.